It’s decided you repaint the living room in blue. Acrylic or Alkyd? Matte, shiny or satin? Here are all the tips for choosing the perfect wall paint for each room in your home, and professional techniques for a zero-defect installation.
Acrylic or alkyd paint: what are the differences?
- Advantages : little odor. Time fast drying. Less toxic than glyceros paints. Clean tools with water. Few solvents.
- VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) are low and can reach less than 1g / liter for the most environmentally friendly paints .
- Suitable for all rooms.
Some acrylic paints have received an ecological label from AFNOR: European Ecolabel , created by the Ministry of the Environment. To obtain this label, paints must not contain heavy metals (cadmium, lead, mercury, arsenic, etc.) and their solvent content must be limited.
It is considered as a hybrid, combining the environmental protection of acrylic paints and the qualities of glyceros paints (easy to apply and good aesthetic rendering).
- Advantages : little odor. Drying time: less than an hour to the touch. Less toxic than glyceros paints.
- Clean tools with water. Painting easier to “soft”, that is, it is easier to obtain a delicate finish. It is a paint which is therefore suitable for glossy or lacquered finishes.
Matte, satin or shiny finish: choose your atmosphere
The matte finish
- For a hushed, intimate and sober appearance . Very decorative, the mat paint emphasizes the purity of the colors and hides the small imperfections of the wall .
- Ideal for: painting ceilings.
- Care: This paint is washable. You can therefore rub it lightly with a damp sponge.
The satin finish
- Silky and warm, satin is very durable.
- Ideal for: kitchens, bathrooms, children’s rooms and also any other room in the house . It can even be used for rooms with high traffic (entrance or hallway).
- Maintenance: Washable, satin paints are easy to maintain with a non-aggressive product.
Provide a smooth and well prepared support before applying the paint.
However, they mask the irregularities of the wall less well than matt paintings.
The glossy finish
- Resistant and luminous, the glossy finish makes colors vibrant while enlarging rooms. Combined with other finishes, it allows you to highlight the details and underline the peculiarities of your room (niches, woodwork, etc.).
- Maintenance: Glossy paints are washable.
Make sure you have a wall without any flaws because the gloss has the effect of a mirror and therefore brings out every flaw and the slightest irregularities in the wall.
A painting for each support and each environment
While some are versatile, many paints are specially designed for a specific type of support.
- To paint a wall : opt for, as its name suggests, a so-called mural or a versatile, multi-media paint.
- To paint a particular support : wood, iron, etc. Be sure to choose a specific paint that guarantees ease of application, optimized rendering and good resistance over time.
- To paint a wall, its baseboards and other supports: opt for a multi-support paint for more ease and to guarantee the harmony of colors. If the rendering may seem slightly less effective than with a suitable paint, it adapts to the supports of your choice and saves you the purchase and handling of several pots.
- To paint a bathroom : their humid atmosphere requires the use of a paint that can withstand water splashes and humidity. Ditto for the kitchen.
- To paint a kitchen : choose a paint that supports humidity and is resistant and easily washable.
- To paint the children’s room : a paint with low VOC emissions and washable.